It also examines the effects of those relationships on how organizations function. It is the study of organizational structures and designs, as well as the behavior of technocrats and managers in organizations. Modern organization theory is rooted in concepts developed during the beginnings of the Industrial Revolution in the late 1800s and early 1900s.
They are the fundamental instruments for the collective accomplishment of economic and social purposes. As such, they can be vehicles of social progress and the solution to basic problems such as the provision of food, healthcare, education and other human needs and wants. Classical organization theory includes the scientific management approach, Weber's bureaucratic approach, and administrative theory.