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We think of empathy – the ability to feel the suffering of others for ourselves – as the ultimate source of all good behaviour. But while it inspires care and protection in personal relationships, it has the opposite effect in the wider world. As the latest research in psychology and neuroscience shows, we feel empathy most for those we find attractive and who seem similar to us and not at all for those who are different, distant or anonymous. Empathy therefore biases us in favour of individuals we know while numbing us to the plight of thousands. Guiding us expertly through the experiments, case studies and arguments on all sides, Paul Bloom ultimately shows that some of our worst decisions – in charity, child-raising, criminal justice, climate change and war – are motivated by this wolf in sheep's clothing. Brilliantly argued, urgent and humane, Against Empathy overturns widely held assumptions to reveal one of the most profound yet overlooked sources of human conflict.
It is easy to see, then, how empathy can be a moral good, and it has many champions.
Bloom repeatedly states that one of the problems with empathy as a moral emotion is that we tend to empathize with people like ourselves. However, his choice of examples avoids a systemic exploration of whose feelings are deemed "worthy" in the first place, as well as whose feelings we feel entitled to have access to.
"Against Empathy" is an invigorating, relevant and often very funny re-evaluation of empathy, one of our culture's most ubiquitous sacred cows, which in Mr.
The Case For Rational Compassion de Paul Bloom . idioma: Inglês.